LANGUAGE & STIGMA
Laura Kehoe, MD, MPH; Massachusetts General Hospital Psychiatry Academy
Presentation slides: a review of epidemiology of addiction, terminology in addiction, language and stigma.
Office of National Drug Control Policy (2017)
This document draws attention to terminology that may cause confusion or perpetuate stigma around substance use disorders. It is not intended to serve as a glossary of clinical terminology, nor does it offer a comprehensive list of all the potentially stigmatizing words used in association with substance use disorders. In addition, while this document aims to promote non-stigmatizing language in the Federal Government, individuals who have substance use disorders or those in recovery may choose to identify themselves with different terminology.
National Alliance for Model State Drug Laws, 2016
Substance use disorders and/or alcoholism can wreak havoc on an individual’s life and the lives of their family and friends. They can cause repeated absences and poor work performance resulting in loss of employment, neglect of familial responsibilities, problems with interpersonal relationships, loss of family and friends, and repeated contact with the criminal justice system. Individuals with substance use disorders and/or alcoholism are often unable or unwilling to voluntarily submit to treatment. As a result, many states have enacted involuntary commitment statutes to provide for the detention and treatment of individuals with substance use disorders and/or alcoholism.
This document will first provide a summary of the most common involuntary commitment provisions across the nation followed by a series of charts with detailed information on each state’s laws. Please note that the focus of this memorandum is on civil commitment rather than on commitment of individuals with criminal charges who are ordered to undergo treatment as part of their sentence or in lieu of serving time in jail. Additionally, statutes regarding protective custody of individuals who are impaired or incapacitated by alcohol or drugs are not included in this memorandum. Further, this memorandum does not discuss involuntary outpatient treatment.