WILLIAM L. WHITE PUBLICATIONS
William L. White has authored or co-authored more than 400 articles, monographs, research reports and book chapters as well as 18 books. Bill has been a visible recovery advocate. He has served as a volunteer consultant to Faces & Voices of Recovery since its inception in 2001. He has worked with recovery advocacy organizations all over the United States and has keynoted several recovery summits, including the historic St. Paul Recovery Summit in 2001. Bill’s widely read papers on recovery advocacy were published by the Johnson Institute in the book Let’s Go Make Some History: Chronicles of the New Addiction Recovery Advocacy Movement, available in the Faces & Voices of Recovery webstore.
This page is just a sample of Bill White's articles most relevant to our work. Visit www.wiliamwhitepapers.com for blog posts, interviews and more.
William L. White, MA & The PRO-ACT Ethics Workgroup (2007)
The twin purposes of this article are 1) to draw upon the collective experience of organizations that are providing peer-based recovery support services to identify ethical issues arising within this service arena, and 2) to offer guidance on how these issues can best be handled.
William L. White, John F. Kelly & Jeffrey D. Roth
For more than 150 years, support for the personal resolution of severe and persistent alcohol and other drug problems in the United States has been provided through three mechanisms: family, kinship, and informal social networks; peer-based recovery mutual-aid societies; and professionally directed addiction treatment. This article: (1) briefly reviews the history of these traditional recovery supports, (2) describes the recent emergence of new recovery support institutions and a distinctive, all-inclusive culture of recovery, and (3) discusses the implications of these recent developments for the future of addiction treatment and recovery in the United States.
William White, Chris Budnick, and Boyd Pickard
Addiction recovery mutual aid societies rise within unique historical contexts that can exert profound and prolonged effects on their character. Just as the birth of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is best understood in the context of the repeal of Prohibition and the challenges of the Great Depression, the history of Narcotics Anonymous (NA) is best understood in the cultural context of the 1950s. It was in this decade that the notion of “good” drugs and “bad” drugs became fully crystallized. Alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine achieved the status of culturally celebrated drugs as an exploding pharmaceutical industry poured out millions of over-the-counter and prescription psychoactive drugs. H eroin and cannabis became increasingly demonized in the wake of a post-World War II opiate addiction epidemic. Social panic triggered harsh new anti-drug laws. Known addicts were arrested for “internal possession” and prohibited from associating via “loitering addict” laws. A ny gathering of recovering addicts for mutual support was subjected to regular police surveillance. Mid-century treatments for addiction included electroconvulsive therapy (“shock treatment”), psychosurgery (prefrontal lobotomies), and prolonged institutionalization. This is the inhospitable soil in which NA grew.
William L. White, Eugenia Argires and Sabrina Thigpen
One of the distinctive features of the recovery-focused behavioral health systems transformation process in the City of Philadelphia has been the concerted effort to shorten addiction careers and extend recovery careers through programs of assertive community outreach. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate such efforts through a description of the outreach services provided through New Pathways and New Pathways for Women, community-based recovery support programs located in North Philadelphia. This paper provides an overview of outreach services at New Pathways, explores the philosophical foundations of these services and describes the delivery of these services from the perspective of those delivering and receiving these services. Our intended audience for this paper is addiction treatment program personnel and recovery support specialists working within recovery community organizations who are interested in expanding community-based outreach services. The sources drawn upon in this paper include excerpts from interviews conducted by the lead author with the New Pathways staff and service consumers.
William L. White, MA
We welcome you to this, the sixth effort in our monograph series designed to explore in depth the theoretical and practical aspects of peer-based addiction recovery support services and recovery-oriented systems of care. Once again, we have had the benefit of William L. White’s expertise and passion in the conception and execution of this document.
White, W. & Cloud, W. (2008). Recovery capital: A primer for addictions professionals. Counselor, 9(5), 22-27.
Addiction professionals across America are witnessing the field’s paradigmatic shift from a pathology and intervention focus to a recovery focus (White, 2004, 2005).
One of the key ideas at the core of this shift is that of recovery capital. This article defines recovery capital and explores how attention to recovery capital can be integrated into the service practices of front-line addiction professionals.
William L. White, MA, Ernest Kurtz, PhD, Mark Sanders, LCSW, CADC. First in a series of monographs from the Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center Chicago, IL (2006)
This monograph contains a synthesis of findings from scientific studies and recommendations from new grassroots recovery advocacy and support organizations that are collectively pushing a fundamental redesign of addiction treatment in the United States. Based on growing evidence of the chronicity and complexity of severe substance use disorders, we are faced with an increasing need to shift the current acute care model of treatment toward a model of assertive and sustained recovery management.
William L. White, MA and Lisa Mojer-Torres, JD. Published by the Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center, the Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health and Mental Retardation Services, and the Northeast Addiction Technology Transfer Center (20110)
This recovery monograph reviews the history and cultural context of methadone maintenance (MM) treatment in the United States, with an emphasis on the evolution of practices that directly influence long-term recovery outcomes.
White, W. (2011). Recovery support resources in rural and frontier areas: A call for research and action.
As interest in Recovery Management and ROSC has grown, questions have arisen about how to design and implement these new models of care and support with particular populations and within particular geographical and cultural contexts. This brief paper explores some of the questions that are arising related to the application of RM and ROSC within rural and frontier settings.
Amplification of Remarks to the Association of Recovery Community Organizations at Faces & Voices of Recovery, Executive Directors Leadership Academy, Dallas, Texas, November 15, 2013
"I have been invited as the historian of this movement to share some thoughts with you about the current state of recovery advocacy and support in the United States. In the few minutes we have together, I want to share some of my personal perspectives on our accomplishments to date, current and anticipated threats, and the movement’s next stages, strategies, kinetic ideas, and frontier issues.
Ernest Kurtz, PhD and William White, MA
In two earlier publications, the authors outlined the varieties of addiction recovery experience as represented in the scientific and historical literature (White & Kurtz, 2006a) and outlined strategies to link individuals in addiction treatment to local communities of recovery (White & Kurtz, 2006b). In this third publication, we will: 1) review the ways in which communications via the telephone and the Internet can and are being utilized to deliver pre-treatment, in-treatment, and post-treatment recovery support services, and 2) discuss how such technologies might be utilized in the future to help people initiate, sustain, and improve the quality of recovery from severe alcohol and other drug problems.
William L. White
The recent growth in peer-based recovery support services as an adjunct and alternative to addiction treatment has created heightened ambiguity about the demarcation of responsibilities across three roles: 1) voluntary service roles with communities of recovery, e.g., the role of the sponsor within Twelve Step programs, 2) clinically focused addiction treatment specialists (e.g., certified addiction counselors, psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers), and 3) paid and volunteer recovery support specialists (e.g., recovery coaches, personal recovery assistants) working within addiction treatment institutions or free-standing recovery advocacy/support organizations. The purpose of this paper is to enhance understanding of these new recovery support roles by comparing and contrasting these three service roles.
Published in revised form in: White, W. (2009). The mobilization of community resources to support long-term addiction recovery. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 36, 146-58
This article draws on historical and contemporary events in the history of addiction treatment and recovery in the United States to illuminate the relationship between recovery and community. Principles and strategies are identified that could guide the development and mobilization of community resources to support the long-term recovery of individuals and families.
Valentine, P., White, W. & Taylor, P. (2007)
A recovery community organization (RCO) is an independent, non-profit organization led and governed by representatives of local communities of recovery. These organizations organize recovery-focused policy advocacy activities, carry out recovery-focused community education and outreach programs, and/or provide peer-based recovery support services (P-BRSS). The broadly defined recovery community – people in long-term recovery, their families, friends and allies, including recovery-focused addiction and recovery professionals – includes organizations whose members reflect religious, spiritual and secular pathways of recovery. The sole mission of an RCO is to mobilize resources within and outside of the recovery community to increase the prevalence and quality of long-term recovery from alcohol and other drug addiction. Public education, policy advocacy and peer-based recovery support services are the strategies through which this mission is achieved.
The Varieties of Recovery Experience: A Primer for Addiction Treatment Professionals and Recovery Advocates
White, W. & Kurtz, E. (2006). The varieties of recovery experience. International Journal of Self Help and Self Care, 3(1-2), 21-61.
This essay honors this transition from addiction and treatment paradigms to a recovery paradigm by exploring the growing varieties of pathways and styles through which people are resolving serious and persistent AOD-related problems. A review of scientific and mutual aid literature is discussed.